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Image of Book Front Cover Title: The Travaux Préparatoires of the Crime of Aggression
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Barriga, Stefan; Kreß, Claus
LC Call: KZ7140.A61998 A12 2012
Dewey: 341.6/2
LCSH: Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998)//Aggression (International law) -- Sources.//LAW / International.
Pub. Date: 15 December 2011
eBook ISBN: 1139232266
Print ISBN: 1107015278
Product ID: 862401
Language: English
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Summary

Travaux Préparatoires of the 2010 amendments to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on the crime of aggression.

Table of Contents

Cover

THE TRAVAUX PRÉPARATOIRES OF THE CRIME OF AGGRESSION

CRIME OF AGGRESSION LIBRARY

Title

Copyright

Contents

Contributors

Foreword

Preface

Table of documents

I: Introduction to the negotiation history

Negotiating the Amendments on the crime of aggression

A. Introduction

B. The end of Rome, the beginning of Kampala

C. The PrepComm prepares a basis for negotiation

I. Discussions on the definition of the crime of aggression

II. Fitting the crime of aggression into the Statute

III. Discussions on the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction

IV. Passing the torch

D. The Special Working Group: progress on technical issues and a breakthrough on the definition

I. Working methods

1. The Princeton Process

2. A constructive work environment

3. A thematic, focused approach

4. A new factor in the negotiations: the Rome Statute

II. Embedding the crime of aggression in the Rome Statute

1. Scanning the Rome Statute for aggression-specific problems

2. Articles 28 and 33: command responsibility and superior orders

III. An agreed definition of the individual crime of aggression

1. Defining the conduct of the primary perpetrator

2. The leadership requirement

3. Individual attempt

IV. An agreed definition of the State act of aggression

1. Specific versus generic definition

2. The reference to GA Resolution 3314

3. The nature of the list of acts: open, closed, or in between

4. The threshold clause

V. Progress on certain aspects of the Security Council’s role

1. Security Council determination not binding on the Court

2. All three trigger mechanisms apply

3. Security Council must be given an opportunity to determine aggression

4. Prosecution of other crimes not affected by the crime of aggression

VI. Options and Compromise Ideas for the Jurisdictional Filter

1. Exclusive Security Council filter: Alternative 1

2. Primary, but not exclusive, Security Council filter: Alternative 2

VII. A complex discussion on entry-into-force procedures

1. The 121(4) model – a unified regime for all

2. The 121(5) model – an opt-in regime for States Parties

3. The ‘adoption-only’ model – a literal reading of articles 5(2) and 12(1)

4. Consequences of article 121(5), second sentence

E. the intermediate period, 2009–2010

I. Redefining outstanding questions

1. The question of State consent

2. The question of jurisdictional filters

II. The United States returns to the table

III. Counting the votes on the big questions

F. A historic compromise at the 2010 Review Conference

I. The First Conference Room Paper

II. The Second Conference Room Paper

III. The Third Conference Room Paper

IV. A compromise between ABS and Canada

V. The President’s First Paper

VI. The President’s Second Paper

VII. The President’s Third Paper

VIII. The President’s Final Compromise Proposal

Negotiating the Elements of the crime of aggression

A. Introduction

B. Consideration in the PrepComm, 1999–2002

C. Consideration in the Special Working Group, 2003–2009

D. Consideration at the Montreux and Princeton meetings, April and June 2009

I. The scheme and principles of the Elements of Crimes

1. Element 1– the individual’s conduct

2. Element 2 – the leadership clause

3. Element 3: the State act of aggression – material element

4. Element 4: the State act of aggression – mental element

5. Elements 5 and 6: the threshold requirement – material and mental element

II. General introduction and special introduction

E. Consideration at the Review Conference: 31 May–11 June 2010

F. Conclusion

Negotiating the Understandings on the crime of aggression

A. Introduction

B. The jurisdictional Understandings (Understandings 1 to 3)

I. Jurisdiction ratione temporis (Understandings 1 and 3)

II. No State consent requirement for Security Council referrals (Understanding.2)

C. The non-jurisdictional Understandings (Understandings 4 to 7)

I. The new treaty definition and customary international law (Understanding 4)

II. The exercise of domestic jurisdiction (Understanding 5)

III. The definition of the crime (Understandings 6 and 7)

C. Conclusion

II: Amendments to the Rome Statute on the Crime of Aggression

1: 2010 Resolution on the Crime of Aggression

ANNEX I: AMENDMENTS TO THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT ON THE CRIME OF AGGRESSION

ANNEX II: AMENDMENTS TO THE ELEMENTS OF CRIMES

ANNEX III: UNDERSTANDINGS REGARDING THE AMENDMENTS TO THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT ON THE CRIME OF AGGRESSION

III: Historical documents

2: 1919 Commission Report on War Responsibility (excerpts)

CHAPTER IV CONSTITUTION AND PROCEDURE OF AN APPROPRIATE TRIBUNAL

(a) Acts which Provoked the World War and Accompanied Its Inception

Conclusions

3: 1919 Covenant of the League of Nations (excerpts)

4: 1919 Treaty of Versailles (excerpts)

5: 1923 Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance (excerpt)

6: 1924 Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (excerpts)

7: 1927 Declaration Concerning Wars of Aggression

8: 1928 Havana Resolution

9: 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact (excerpts)

10: 1933 Soviet Draft Definition

11: 1945 UN Charter (excerpts)

12: 1945 London Charter (excerpts)

13: 1945 Control Council Law No. 10 (excerpts)

14: 1946 Tokyo Charter (excerpts)

15: 1946 Nuremberg Judgment (excerpts)

16: 1946 GA Resolution 95

17: 1948 Tokyo Judgment (excerpts)

18: 1950 Nuremberg Principles, with Commentary (excerpts)

19: 1951 ILC Draft Code of Offences, with Commentary

20: 1954 ILC Draft Code of Offences, with Commentary

21: 1970 Friendly Relations Declaration (excerpts)

22: 1974 GA Special Committee Report (excerpts)

23: 1974 Sixth Committee Report (excerpts)

24: 1974 GA Plenary Verbatim Record (excerpts)

25: 1974 GA Resolution 3314

26: 1991 ILC Draft Code of Crimes, with Commentary (excerpts)

27: 1994 ILC Draft Statute, with Commentary (excerpts)

28: 1996 ILC Draft Code of Crimes, with Commentary (excerpts)

IV:Travaux Préparatoires of the Amendments to the Rome Statute on the Crime of Aggression (1995–2010)

1995 Ad Hoc Committee

29: 1995 Ad Hoc Committee Report (excerpts)

1996 Preparatory Committee, First and Second Session

30: 1996 PrepCom Report (excerpts)

31: 1996 PrepCom Compilation of Proposals (excerpts)

February 1997: Preparatory Committee, Third Session

32: 1997 Proposal by Germany (February)

33: 1997 Proposal by Egypt and Italy

34: 1997 PrepCom Draft Definition (excerpts)

December 1997: Preparatory Committee, Fifth Session

35: 1997 Proposal by Germany (December)

January 1998: Zutphen Intersessional PrepCom Meeting

36: 1998 Zutphen Draft Statute (excerpts)

March/April 1998: Preparatory Committee, Sixth Session

37: 1998 Revised German Proposal

38: 1998 PrepCom Draft Statute (excerpts)

1998: Rome Conference

39: 1998 Rome Summary Records (18 June) (excerpts)

40: 1998 Rome Summary Records (19 June)

41: 1998 Proposal by Arab States and Iran (1 July)

42: 1998 Proposal by Armenia

43: 1998 Proposal by Cameroon

44: 1998 Bureau Proposal (6 July) (excerpts)

45: 1998 Rome Summary Records (8 July, 10.00 a..m.) (excerpts)

46: 1998 Rome Summary Records (8 July, 3.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

47: 1998 Rome Summary Records (8 July, 6.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

48: 1998 Rome Summary Records (8 July, 9.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

49: 1998 Rome Summary Records (9 July, 10.00 a..m.) (excerpts)

50: 1998 Rome Summary Records (9 July, 3.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

51: 1998 Rome Summary Records (9 July, 6.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

52: 1998 Proposal by Arab States and Iran (9 July)

53: 1998 Bureau Proposal (10 July) (excerpts)

54: 1998 Rome Summary Records (13 July, 10.00 a..m.) (excerpts)

55: 1998 Rome Summary Records (13 July, 3.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

56: 1998 Rome Summary Records (13 July, 6.00 p..m.)

57: 1998 Rome Summary Records (13 July, 9.00 p..m.) (excerpts)

58: 1998 Proposal by NAM

59: 1998 Rome Summary Records (July 17)

60: 1998 Rome Statute (excerpts)

61: 1998 Resolution F of the Final Act (excerpt)

February 1999: Preparatory Commission, First Session

62: 1999 Proposal by Arab States

July/August 1999: Preparatory Commission, Second Session

63 1999 Proposal by the Russian Federation

64: 1999 Proposal by Germany

November/December 1999: Preparatory Commission, Third Session

65: 1999 Proposal by Greece and Portugal

66: 1999 Coordinator’s Paper

March 2000: Preparatory Commission, Fourth Session

67: 2000 Proposal by Colombia

68: 2000 Considerations by Colombia

69: 2000 Proposal by Italy (oral)

70: 2000 Comments by Colombia on the Italian Proposal

71: 2000 List of Issues

November/December 2000: Preparatory Commission, Sixth Session

72: 2000 Proposal by Germany

73: 2000 Proposal by Greece and Portugal

February/March 2001: Preparatory Commission, Seventh Session

74: 2001 Proposal by Bosnia and Herzegovina, New Zealand and Romania (Conditions, February)

September/October 2001: Preparatory Commission, Eighth Session

75: 2001 Proposal by Bosnia and Herzegovina, New Zealand and Romania (Definition)

76: 2001 Proposal by Bosnia and Herzegovina, New Zealand and Romania (Conditions, August)

77: 2001 Proposal by Guatemala

April 2002: Preparatory Commission, Ninth Session

78: 2002 Proposal by the Netherlands

79: 2002 Coordinator’s Paper (April)

July 2002: Preparatory Commission, Tenth Session

80: 2002 Proposal by Samoa

81: 2002 Proposal by Colombia

82: 2002 Proposal by Belgium, Cambodia, Sierra Leone and Thailand

83: 2002 Coordinator’s Paper (July)

September 2002: Assembly of States Parties, First Session

84: 2002 Resolution on Continuity of Work in Respect of the Crime of Aggression

85: 2002 Elements of Crimes*

September 2003: Assembly of States Parties, Second Session

86: 2003 Proposal by Cuba (September)

87: 2003 SWGCA Report (oral)

June 2004: First Princeton Meeting

88: 2004 Princeton Report

89: 2004 List of Issues

June 2005: Second Princeton Meeting

90: 2005 Princeton Annotated Agenda

91: 2005 Princeton Report

92: 2005 Proposed Chapeau Rewordings

December 2005: Assembly of States Parties, Fourth Session

93: 2005 Discussion Paper 1

94: 2005 Discussion Paper 2

95: 2005 Discussion Paper 3

96: 2005 SWGCA Report

June 2006: Third Princeton Meeting

97: 2006 Princeton Annotated Agenda

98: 2006 Princeton Report

99: 2006 Proposed Chapeau Rewordings

November 2006: Assembly of States Parties, Fifth Session

100: 2006 SWGCA Report

January 2007: Assembly of States Parties, Resumed Fifth Session

101: 2007 Chairman’s Paper

102: 2007 Proposal by Belgium

103: 2007 Proposal by Norway

104: 2007 SWGCA Report (January)

105: 2007 Proposal by the Chairman on Variant (a) (January)

June 2007: Fourth Princeton Meeting

106: 2007 Princeton Annotated Agenda

107: 2007 Chairman’s Non-Paper on the Exercise of Jurisdiction

108: 2007 Chairman’s Non-Paper on Defining the State Act of Aggression

109: 2007 Princeton Report

110: 2007 Proposal by the Chairman on Variant (a) (June)

December 2007: Assembly of States Parties, Sixth Session

111: 2007 Chairman’s Non-Paper on Defining the Individual’s Conduct

112: 2007 Proposal by Venezuela

113 2007 SWGCA Report (December)

114: 2008 Chairman’s Paper

115: 2008 SWGCA Report (June)

November 2008: Assembly of States Parties, Seventh Session

116: 2008 Note on the Work Programme

117: 2008 Jurisdiction Scenarios

118: 2008 SWGCA Report (November)

February 2009: Assembly of States Parties, Resumed Seventh Session

119: 2009 Chairman’s Paper

120: 2009 Note on the Work Programme

121: 2009 Chairman’s Non-Paper on Other Substantive Issues

122: 2009 SWGCA Report

123: 2009 SWGCA Proposals

April 2009: Montreux Retreat on Elements of Crimes

124: 2009 Montreux Draft Elements of Crimes

June 2009: Fifth Princeton Meeting

125: 2009 Chairman’s Non-Paper on the Elements of Crimes

126: 2009 Chairman’s Non-Paper on the Exercise of Jurisdiction

127: 2009 Princeton Report

128: 2009 Draft Elements of Crimes

November 2009: Assembly of States Parties, Eighth Session

129: 2009 WGRC Report (excerpts)

March 2010: Assembly of States Parties, Resumed Eighth Session

130: 2010 Chairman’s Non-Paper on the Exercise of Jurisdiction

131: 2010 WGRC Report

May/June 2010: Kampala Review Conference

132: 2010 Conference Room Paper

133: 2010 Chairman’s Non-Paper on Further Elements for a Solution

134: 2010 Introductory Remarks by the Chairman (1 June)

135: 2010 Non-Paper by Argentina, Brazil and Switzerland (ABS)

136: 2010 Conference Room Paper, Rev.1

137: 2010 Introductory Remarks by the Chairman (7 June)

138: 2010 Non-Paper by the United States

139: 2010 Non-Paper by Canada

140: 2010 Conference Room Paper, Rev.2

141: Introductory Remarks by the Chairman (8 June)

142: 2010 WGCA Report

143: 2010 Compromise Proposal ABS-Canada

144: 2010 Focal Point’s Draft Understandings

145: 2010 President’s First Paper

146: 2010 Introductory Remarks by the President (10 June, 11.00 a..m.)

147: 2010 President’s Second Paper

148: Introductory Remarks by the President (10 June, 11.30 p..m.)

149: 2010 President’s Preliminary Compromise Proposal

150: 2010 President’s Third Paper

151: Introductory Remarks by the President (11 June, 5.00 p.m.)

152: 2010 Draft Resolution on the Crime of Aggression

153: President’s Final Compromise Proposal

154: 2010 Final Draft Understandings

155: Introductory Remarks by the President and Adoption of the Resolution RC/Res.6 (11 June, midnight)

156: 2010 Explanations of Position

V: Index of Travaux Préparatoires

Index